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Monday, August 3, 2020 | History

3 edition of Convergent evolution in warm deserts found in the catalog.

Convergent evolution in warm deserts

Convergent evolution in warm deserts

an examination of strategies and patterns in deserts of Argentina and the United States

  • 372 Want to read
  • 32 Currently reading

Published by Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, exclusive distributor Halsted Press in Stroudsburg, Pa, [New York] .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Southwest, New.,
  • Argentina.
    • Subjects:
    • Desert ecology -- Southwest, New.,
    • Desert ecology -- Argentina.,
    • Evolution (Biology),
    • Convergence (Biology)

    • Edition Notes

      Statementedited by Gordon H. Orians, Otto T. Solbrig.
      SeriesUS/IBP synthesis series ;, 3
      ContributionsOrians, Gordon H., Solbrig, Otto Thomas.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsQH104.5.S6 C66
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxiv, 333 p. :
      Number of Pages333
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4907798M
      ISBN 10087933276X
      LC Control Number76056261

      In evolution: Convergent and parallel evolution. Convergence is often associated with similarity of function, as in the evolution of wings in birds, bats, and flies. The shark (a fish) and the dolphin (a mammal) are much alike in external morphology; their similarities are due to convergence, since they have evolved independently. Buy Convergent Evolution () (): Limited Forms Most Beautiful: NHBS - George R McGhee, Jr., MIT Press.

        Convergent Evolution vs Divergent Evolution | Shared Traits Explained - Duration: 2 Minute Classroom , views. Master Shi Heng Yi . Convergent Evolution describes the way that unrelated or distantly related organisms develop similar body shapes, organ functions, colors, or adaptations. Convergent evolution is when species of different lineages independently evolve similar features. Examples of Convergent Evolution: 1.

        Parallel evolution refers to situations where organisms that are unrelated or distantly related have similar adaptations because of similar environmental pressures. When parallel evolution occurs “in distantly related [organisms] that are morphologically similar in overall appearance” (Armstrong ) it is called convergent evolution.   An explanation of convergent evolution. All pictures are from Google. “Convergent Evolution or Common Designer?”:


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Convergent evolution in warm deserts Download PDF EPUB FB2

In this book, George McGhee analyzes patterns of convergent evolution on Earth and argues that these patterns offer lessons for the search for life elsewhere in the universe.

Our Earth is a water world; 71 percent of the earth's surface is covered by water.5/5(1). Convergent Evolution In Warm Deserts: An Examination of Strategies and Patterns in Deserts of Argentina and the United States (US/IBP Synthesis Series Vol.

3) [Gordon H. Orians, Otto T. Solbrig] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Convergent Evolution In Warm Deserts: An Examination of Strategies and Patterns in Deserts of Argentina and the United States (US/IBP Author: Gordon H.

Orians. An example of convergent evolution is the similar nature of the flight/wings of insects, birds, pterosaurs, and bats. All four serve the same function and are similar in structure, but each. Get this from a library.

Convergent evolution in warm deserts: an examination of strategies and patterns in deserts of Argentina and the United States. [Gordon H Orians; Otto Thomas Solbrig;]. Book: Convergent evolution in warm deserts. An examination of strategies and patterns in deserts of Argentina and the United States.

pppp. Abstract: This book is number 3 in the US/IBP synthesis series and contains a general. Convergent evolution is the independent evolution of similar features in species of different periods or epochs in time. Convergent evolution creates analogous structures that have similar form or function but Convergent evolution in warm deserts book not present in the last common ancestor of those groups.

The cladistic term for the same phenomenon is recurrent evolution of flight is a classic example, as flying. Convergent evolution occurs when species occupy similar ecological niches and adapt in similar ways in response to similar selective pressures.

Traits that arise through convergent evolution are referred to as ‘analogous structures’. They are contrasted with ‘homologous structures’, which. Solbrig, Otto T. and Orians, Gordon H. Convergent evolution in warm deserts: an examination of strategies and patterns in deserts of Argentina and the United States / edited by Gordon H.

Orians, Otto T. Solbrig Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross ; exclusive distributor Halsted. 10 classic examples of convergent evolution, the process by which different animals in similar ecosystems evolve the same general body plan. Bob Strauss is a science writer and the author of several books, including "The Big Book of What, How and Why" and "A Field Guide to the Dinosaurs of North America." our editorial process.

Plants can also undergo convergent evolution to become more similar. Many desert plants have evolved somewhat of a holding chamber for water inside their structures. Even though the deserts of Africa and those in North America have similar climates, the species of flora there are not closely related on the tree of life.

Buy Convergent Evolution: Limited Forms Most Beautiful (Vienna Series in Theoretical Biology) by Jr., George R Mcghee, Müller, Gerd B., Schäfer, Katrin, Pradeu, Thomas (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible s: 5.

Convergent evolution is the process by which unrelated or distantly related organisms evolve similar body forms, coloration, organs, and adaptations. Natural selection can result in evolutionary convergence under several different circumstances.

Convergent Evolution in Desert Lizards Some of the most striking examples of convergent evolution are found in desert lizards throughout the world. Australian and North American deserts each support a cryptically colored lizard species that is specialized to eat ants and is protected by sharp spines.

Convergent evolution - Desert Plants from Kew Gardens on OOKL - the place to discover what is in your local museums, galleries, historic houses, zoos, botanic gardens plus lots of other things of interest near you and around the world. Several species of panda have evolved an extra digit, a “false thumb” that assists them in scraping the leaves from the bamboo that is their primary food source.

In fact, when well-known biologist Stephen Jay Gould wrote a book in support of evolution inhe called it The Panda’s Thumb.

Mcghee, G. Convergent dge, MA: MIT Press. Orians, G. and Solbrig, O. Convergent evolution in warm sburg, Pa. Convergent evolution — the repeated evolution of similar traits in multiple lineages which all ancestrally lack the trait — is rife in nature, as illustrated by the examples below.

The ultimate cause of convergence is usually a similar evolutionary biome, as similar environments will select for similar traits in any species occupying the same ecological niche, even if those species are. The main difference between convergent evolution and divergent evolution is that convergent evolution is the development of similar features in two species with different ancestral origins whereas divergent evolution is a process where two different species share a common ancestor.

Key Areas Covered. What is Convergent Evolution. Examples of convergent evolution are wings of insects, birds, bats, streamlined body of dolphins and shark, whereas that of Darwin finches (kind of birds) is the example of divergent evolution. In convergent evolution, species evolve from the different species but develops similar characteristics, like wings of birds and insects.

An analysis of convergent evolution from molecules to ecosystems, demonstrating the limited number of evolutionary pathways available to life. Charles Darwin famously concluded On the Origin of Species with a vision of “endless forms most beautiful” continually evolving.

More than years later many evolutionary biologists see not endless forms but the same, or very similar, forms. Convergent evolution refers to the process where different organisms evolve to form similar traits, despite not being closely related.

This occurs when independent species have had to evolve to survive in similar habitats or have a specific niche to fill. There tends to be a finite number of ways for nature to deal with certain challenges.Convergent evolution is well-known and documented in the terrestrial realm.

Marsupial and placental mammals have converged to similar morphologies and ecological function (Fig. 5).The limited variations on the mammalian body plan are evident in the wolf and catlike carnivores, the arboreal gliders, fossorial herbivores, anteaters, and subterranean insectivores that evolved independently in.

General Overviews. Review papers and textbooks, such as Futuyma tend to focus on how one can identify convergent evolution and on presenting particularly compelling examples of convergence or lack thereof. A few authors have attempted to make broad generalizations based on these observations.

Gould argues that evolution is dominated by historical contingency, while .